Enacted November 29, 1990, the US immigration Act released diversity immigration visa program also known as the Green Card Lottery. The program is a US congressionally mandated lottery program, which annually enables residents of different countries to apply for a visa. 55,000 residents of various countries can receive a United States Permanent Resident Card. The rules and procedures are established in the act, which makes it available for all aliens to get familiar with the application form and related terms and conditions.
Diversity immigrant visa program releases new class of immigrants, also known as “DV immigrants”. The program is designed for the residents of those countries deemed to have low rates of immigration into the United States.
The program continuously changes established rules and conditions based on the immigration history of previous years, country eligibility, etc.
The visas are distributed on a regional basis. Particularly, Africa and Europe receive 80% of the visas in the lottery. However, no single country can receive more than 7% of the total number of visas in the lottery (3,500).
In addition, if an applicant has been selected from the lottery, it doesn’t guarantee an immigrant visa to US. She or he should meet the requirements of the United States law and must be interviewed before the process of 50,000 visas distribution.